Probability in the Sciences Evandro Agazzi

ISBN: 9789027728081

Published: September 30th 1988

Hardcover

269 pages


Description

Probability in the Sciences  by  Evandro Agazzi

Probability in the Sciences by Evandro Agazzi
September 30th 1988 | Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, RTF | 269 pages | ISBN: 9789027728081 | 9.49 Mb

Probability has become one of the most characteristic con cepts of modern culture, and a probabilistic way of thinking may be said to have penetrated almost every sector of our in tellectual life. However it would be difficult to determine anMoreProbability has become one of the most characteristic con cepts of modern culture, and a probabilistic way of thinking may be said to have penetrated almost every sector of our in tellectual life. However it would be difficult to determine an explicit list of positive features, to be proposed as identifica tion marks of this way of thinking.

One would rather say that it is characterized by certain negative features, i. e. by certain at titudes which appear to be the negation of well established tra ditional assumptions, conceptual frameworks, world outlooks and the like. It is because of this opposition to tradition that the probabilistic approach is perceived as expressing a modern in tellectual style.

As an example one could mention the widespread diffidence in philosophy with respect to self -contained systems claiming to express apodictic truths, instead of which much weaker pretensions are preferred, that express probable interpretations of reality, of history, of man (the hermeneutic trend).

An ana logous example is represented by the interest devoted to the study of different patterns of argumentation, dealing wiht reasonings which rely not so much on the truth of the premisses and stringent formal logic links, but on a display of contextual conditions (depending on the audience, and on accepted stan dards, judgements, and values), which render the premisses and the conclusions more probable (the new rhetoric).



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